Composition in art lots of information and examples in composition in art
The first principle you need to learn in drawing or painting any picture
is composition which means relating your shapes in the area which houses
your picture so that the shapes are aesthetically pleasing to each other
and to the whole, this is the basis of good composition.
In the following pages starting from composition and working through light and shade, colour theory, line and texture you will be on your way to learning the elements that are involved in creating a picture. The example on the left has five rectangular shapes, yes five, remember that the large rectangular shape that the four smaller rectangles are encompassed in makes a rectangle. These rectangles are all in slightly different sizes and all look balanced and related to each other and to the whole in a pleasing and satisfying way, you don't feel that any rectangle is too big or too small in relation to the other rectangles.
Although this is an abstract example here (Left) something akin to Mondrian, any composition is based on this principle of relating shapes to one another in a pleasing way no matter if they are circles, triangles, verticals, rhomboids or any other shape. So our five rectangles in the example
here are all of a slightly different size, if they were all the same size it would be a more boring picture. We can then contrast these rectangular shapes with other different shapes otherwise the composition will look too boring with just rectangles, maybe contrast the rectangles with an oval or a triangle shape. Even when taking photographs a photographer looks for interesting shapes and you can only get interesting shapes in your artwork by relaxing and really feeling the shapes that you are putting down onto your paper or whatever other surface you are using. Make sure your shapes are aesthetically and harmoniously related to each other and to the whole rectangular shape of your paper and are pleasing to the eye. The example above is obviously an abstract example and shouldn't be done consciously, shapes are subconsciously felt so really feeling where your shapes are going to be is the key to good composition.
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